10 Types of Threads Used in Garments Manufacturing

Today we will explore the 10 types of threads used in garment manufacturing, their characteristics, and their applications.


Saleem Shahzad

5/25/20234 min read

red blue and white thread spool
red blue and white thread spool

When it comes to garment manufacturing, choosing the right type of thread is crucial. Threads play a vital role in holding garments together, ensuring their durability and aesthetics. From delicate fabrics to heavy-duty materials, different threads are used to cater to the specific needs of each garment. In this article, we will explore the various types of threads used in garments manufacturing, their characteristics, and their applications.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Thread

Selecting the appropriate thread for garment manufacturing is essential to achieve optimal results. The thread should possess qualities such as strength, flexibility, and compatibility with the fabric. Choosing the wrong thread can lead to issues such as weak seams, thread breakage, and overall garment failure. Hence, it is crucial for manufacturers, designers, and even home sewers to have a good understanding of the different types of threads available in the market.

Types of Threads

1. Cotton Thread

Cotton thread is one of the most widely used threads in garment manufacturing. It is known for its strength, softness, and natural fiber composition. Cotton threads come in various thicknesses and are suitable for sewing natural fabrics such as cotton, linen, and lightweight materials. They are also commonly used in embroidery and decorative stitching.

2. Polyester Thread

Polyester thread is a synthetic thread made from polyester fibers. It is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to shrinking. Polyester threads are suitable for a wide range of fabrics, including synthetic fibers and blends. They are often used in sportswear, outerwear, and heavy-duty garments due to their ability to withstand high tension and abrasion.

3. Nylon Thread

Nylon thread is another synthetic thread that offers excellent strength and durability. It has a high resistance to heat, chemicals, and UV radiation, making it suitable for garments exposed to harsh environments or frequent washing. Nylon threads are commonly used in swimwear, activewear, and lingerie manufacturing.

4. Silk Thread

Silk thread, as the name suggests, is made from natural silk fibers. It is known for its luxurious appearance, smoothness, and high tensile strength. Silk threads are often used in high-end fashion and couture garments, where aesthetics and quality are paramount. They are ideal for delicate fabrics and hand sewing applications.

5. Rayon Thread

Rayon thread is a synthetic thread made from regenerated cellulose fibers. It has a lustrous appearance and a soft feel, resembling silk. Rayon threads are commonly used for decorative stitching, embroidery, and topstitching. They work well with both natural and synthetic fabrics.

6. Metallic Thread

Metallic thread adds a touch of glamour and shine to garments. It is made by wrapping metallic foil around a core thread. Metallic threads are commonly used for decorative stitching, embroidery, and embellishments. However, due to their special construction, they may require special needles and techniques for sewing.

7. Elastic Thread

Elastic thread, also known as stretch thread, is designed to provide elasticity to garments. It is commonly used in sewing waistbands, cuffs, and areas that require stretchability. Elastic threads are made from a combination of rubber and synthetic fibers, allowing them to stretch and recover repeatedly.

8. Monofilament Thread

Monofilament thread is a single-strand thread made from a transparent or translucent material, such as nylon or polyester. It is virtually invisible when sewn, making it suitable for applications where seam visibility is undesirable. Monofilament threads are often used for hemming, blind stitching, and attaching trims.

9. Serger Thread

Serger thread, also known as overlock thread, is specifically designed for serger machines. It is typically a thinner and lighter-weight thread compared to regular sewing threads. Serger threads are used to create strong and flexible seams on the edges of garments, preventing fraying and providing a professional finish.

10. Button and Craft Thread

Button and craft threads are thicker and stronger threads used for sewing buttons, fasteners, and other heavy-duty applications. They are made from various materials, including polyester, nylon, and cotton. Button and craft threads come in different colors and are designed to withstand the stress and strain exerted on buttons during use.


Choosing the right type of thread is crucial for successful garment manufacturing. Each type of thread has its own unique characteristics and applications. By understanding the properties of different threads and considering the specific requirements of the fabrics and garments, manufacturers can ensure strong and aesthetically pleasing seams. The Types of threads used in garments manufacturing range from natural fibers like cotton and silk to synthetic options like polyester and nylon. Specialized threads such as metallic thread and elastic thread add unique features to garments. Remember to match the thread to the fabric type and consider factors like durability and aesthetics. By selecting the appropriate thread, manufacturers can create high-quality garments that withstand the test of time.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What factors should be considered when selecting a thread for garment manufacturing?

When choosing a thread for garment manufacturing, factors such as fabric type, garment construction, desired aesthetics, and durability should be taken into account. It is essential to select a thread that complements the fabric's characteristics and can withstand the stresses the garment will encounter during use.

2. Can the same thread be used for all types of fabrics?

No, different fabrics require different threads. Delicate fabrics like silk may require a finer and softer thread, while heavy-duty fabrics like denim may need a stronger and thicker thread. It is important to match the thread's characteristics to the fabric type to ensure optimal results.

3. What is the difference between cotton and polyester threads?

Cotton threads are made from natural fibers and are known for their softness and compatibility with natural fabrics. Polyester threads, on the other hand, are synthetic and offer strength, durability, and resistance to shrinking. The choice between the two depends on the fabric type and the desired characteristics of the finished garment.

4. Are there specialized threads for specific sewing techniques?

Yes, certain sewing techniques may require specialized threads. For example, embroidery and decorative stitching often use rayon or metallic threads to achieve intricate designs. Similarly, serging machines require specific serger threads to create strong and flexible seams on garment edges.

5. Can different types of threads be used together in a single garment?

Yes, it is common to use different types of threads within a single garment. For instance, a garment may have cotton threads for the main seams and polyester threads for topstitching or decorative accents. Using different threads can enhance both the structural integrity and visual appeal of the garment.

6. How can thread quality affect garment manufacturing?

The quality of the thread used in garment manufacturing can significantly impact the final product. Poor-quality threads may break easily, cause seam puckering, or result in weak seams. Investing in high-quality threads ensures the durability and longevity of the garments, minimizing the risk of seam failure.